Continuous Prediction of Cognitive State Using A Marked-Point Process Modeling Framework

Yalda Amidi, Angelique C. Paulk, Darin D. Dougherty, Sydney S. Cash, Alik S. Widge, Uri T. Eden, Ali Yousefi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Behavioral outcomes in many cognitive tasks are often recorded in a trial structure at discrete times. To adapt to this structure, neural encoder and decoder models have been built to take into account the trial organization to characterize the connection between brain dynamics and behavior, e.g. through latent dynamical models. The challenge of these models is that they are limited to discrete trial times while neural data is continuous. Here, we propose a marked-point process framework to characterize multivariate behavioral outcomes recorded during a trial-structured cognitive task, to build an estimation of cognitive state at a fine time resolution. We propose a state-space marked-point process modeling framework to characterize the relationship between observed behavior and underlying dynamical cognitive processes. We define the framework for a class of behavioral readouts by a response time and a discrete mark signifying an observed binary decision, and develop the state estimation and system identification steps. We define the filter and smoother for the marked-point process observation and develop an EM algorithm to estimate the model's free parameters. We demonstrate this modeling approach in a behavioral readout captured while participants perform an emotional conflict resolution task (ECR) and show that we can estimate underlying cognitive processes at a fine temporal resolution beyond the trial by trial approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2933-2938
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) under contract number W911NF-14-2-0045.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.

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