Contribution of the subfornical organ to angiotensin II-induced hypertension

Michael D. Hendel, John P. Collister

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Abstract

Previous studies clearly demonstrated acute actions of angiotensin II (ANG II) at one of the central circumventricular organs, the subfornical organ (SFO), but studies demonstrating a role for the SFO in the chronic actions of ANG II remain uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the SFO in the chronic hypertensive phase of ANG II-induced hypertension. We hypothesized that the SFO is necessary for the full hypertensive response observed during the chronic phase of ANG II-induced hypertension. To test this hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to sham operation (sham rats) or electrolytic lesion of the SFO (SFOx rats). After 1 wk, the rats were instrumented with venous catheters and radiotelemetric transducers for intravenous administration of ANG II and measurement of blood pressure and heart rate, respectively. Rats were then allowed 1 wk for recovery. After 3 days of saline control infusion (7 ml of 0.9% NaCl/day), sham and SFOx rats were infused with ANG II at 10 ng · kg-1 · min-1 iv for 10 consecutive days and then allowed to recover for 3 days. A 0.4% NaCl diet and distilled water were provided ad libitum. At day 5 of ANG II infusion, mean arterial pressure increased 11.7 ± 3.0 mmHg in sham rats (n = 9) but increased only 3.7 ± 1.4 mmHg in SFOx rats (n = 9). This trend continued through day 10 of ANG II treatment. These results support the hypothesis that the SFO is necessary for the full hypertensive response to chronic ANG II administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H680-H685
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume288
Issue number2 57-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • AT receptor
  • Blood-brain barrier
  • Brain
  • Ganglionic blockade
  • Neurogenic
  • Sympathetic nervous system

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