A linear nonmodal mechanism for transient amplification of perturbation energy is known to trigger subcritical transition to turbulence in many shear flows. Feedback control strategies for minimizing this transient energy growth can be formulated as convex optimization problems based on linear matrix inequalities. Unfortunately, solving the requisite linear matrix inequality problem can be computationally prohibitive within the context of high-dimensional fluid flows. This paper investigates the utility of control-oriented reduced-order models to facilitate the design of feedback flow control strategies that minimize the maximum transient energy growth. An output projection onto proper orthogonal decomposition modes is used to faithfully capture the system energy. Subsequently, a balanced truncation is performed to reduce the state dimension, while preserving the system’s input-output properties. The model reduction and control approaches are studied within the context of a linearized channel flow with blowing and suction actuation at the walls. Controller synthesis for this linearized channel flow system becomes tractable through the use of the proposed control-oriented reduced-order models. Further, the resulting controllers are found to reduce the maximum transient energy growth compared with more conventional linear quadratic optimal control strategies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This material is based on work supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award numbers FA9550-17-1-0252 and FA9550-19-1-0034, monitored by Douglas R. Smith and Gregg Abate.