The study investigated the construct validity of the trait of visual figure ground perception by means of a multitrait multimethod analysis of visual figure perception, form recognition, and verbal ability, as well as the use of four methods of measuring those specific traits. Subjects were 64 upper middle class first grade children, mean chronological age 6-7 years, who were screened for intelligence (Slosson IQ X = 99.9) and to rule out visual perceptual problems. Measures of the trait of visual figure ground perception were found to possess a moderate degree of convergent validity but discriminant validity was not demonstrated. Considerable method of measurement bias and shared trait variance between visual figure ground perception and form recognition were found to exist. Construct validity was not demonstrated for the trait of visual figure ground perception as a distinct visual perceptual skill. Cautions are presented for the educational use of 'visual figure ground perception'.