Convexity-Based Algorithms for Design Centering

Sachin S. Sapatnekar, Pravin M. Vaidya, Sung Mo Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


A new technique for design centering and polytope approximation of the feasible region for a design are presented. In the first phase, the feasible region is approximated by a convex polytope, using a method based on a theorem on convex sets. As a natural consequence of this approach, a good approximation to the design center is obtained. In the next phase, the exact design center is estimated using one of two techniques that we present in this paper. The first inscribes the largest Hessian ellipsoid, which is known to be a good approximation to the shape of the polytope, within the polytope. This represents an improvement over previous methods, such as simplicial approximation, where a hypersphere or a crudely estimated ellipsoid is inscribed within the approximating polytope. However, when the probability density functions of the design parameteres are known, the design center does not necessaily correspond to the center of the largest inscribed ellipsoid. Hence, a second technique is developed that incorporates the probability distributions of the parameters, under the assumption that their variation is modeled by Gaussian probability distributions. The problem is formulated as a convex programming problem and an efficient algorithm is used to calculate the design center, using fast and efficient Monte Carlo methods to estimate the yield gradient. An example is provided to illustrate how ellipsoid-based methods fail to incorporate the probability density functions and is solved using the convex programming-based algorithm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1536-1549
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1994

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