Coupled-mode theory for plasmonic resonators integrated with silicon waveguides towards mid-infrared spectroscopic sensing

Che Chen, Sang Hyun Oh, Mo Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Advances in mid-IR lasers, detectors, and nanofabrication technology have enabled new device architectures to implement on-chip sensing applications. In particular, direct integration of plasmonic resonators with a dielectric waveguide can generate an ultra-compact device architecture for biochemical sensing via surface-enhanced infrared absorption (SEIRA) spectroscopy. A theoretical investigation of such a hybrid architecture is imperative for its optimization. In this work, we investigate the coupling mechanism between a plasmonic resonator array and a waveguide using temporal coupled-mode theory and numerical simulation. The results conclude that the waveguide transmission extinction ratio reaches maxima when the resonator-waveguide coupling rate is maximal. Moreover, after introducing a model analyte in the form of an oscillator coupled with the plasmonics-waveguide system, the transmission curve with analyte absorption can be fitted successfully. We conclude that the extracted sensing signal can be maximized when analyte absorption frequency is the same as the transmission minima, which is different from the plasmonic resonance frequency. This conclusion is in contrast to the dielectric resonator scenario and provides an important guideline for design optimization and sensitivity improvement of future devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2020-2036
Number of pages17
JournalOptics Express
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 20 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
National Science Foundation (ECCS 1809240); University of Minnesota.

Funding Information:
We acknowledge the support from Seagate through the MINT consortium at the University of Minnesota and the Sanford P. Bordeau Endowed Chair in Electrical Engineering at the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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