Although there are myriad binding modes of heterocumulenes to metal centers, the monometallic κ2-ECE (E = O, S, NR) coordination mode has not been reported. Herein, the synthesis, isolation, and physical characterization of Cp2Ti(κ2-tBuNCNtBu) (3) (Cp = cyclopentadienyl, tBu = tert-butyl), a strained 4-membered metallacycle bearing a free carbene, is described. Computational (DFT, CASSCF, QT-AIM, ELF) and solid-state CP-MAS 13C NMR spectroscopic analysis indicate that 3 is best described as a free carbene with partial Ti-Cβ bonding that results from Ti-N π-bonding mixing with N-C-N σ-bonding of the bent N-C-N framework. Reactivity studies of 3 corroborate its carbene-like nature: protonation with [LutH]I results in the formation of a Ti-formamidinate (4), while oxidation with S8 yields a Ti-thioureate (5). Additionally, a related bridged dititanamidocarbene, (Cp2Ti)2(μ- η 1, η 1-CyNCNCy) (10) (Cy = cyclohexyl) is reported. Taken together, this work suggests that the 2-electron reduction of heterocumulene moieties can allow access to unusual free carbene coordination geometries given the proper stabilizing coordination environment from the reducing transition metal fragment.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Financial support was provided by the National Institutes of Health (1R35GM119457), and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (I.A.T. is a 2017 Sloan Fellow). C.P.G. acknowledges the Scholarship Fund of the Swiss Chemical Industry for funding. Instrumentation for the University of Minnesota Chemistry NMR facility was supported from a grant through the National Institutes of Health (S10OD011952). X-ray diffraction experiments were performed with a diffractometer purchased through a grant from NSF/MRI (1229400) and the University of Minnesota. We acknowledge the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute (MSI) at the University of Minnesota and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC), a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under contract no. DE-AC02-05CH11231, for providing resources that contributed to the results reported within this paper.
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