This article provides an overview of the American criminal justice system. Section I discusses patterns of crime and victimization rates and trends since the 1960s and 1970s. The most noteworthy trend is that crime has been declining-for most offenses substantially-since 1991. Section II describes the organization of the justice system. Section III discusses punishment patterns and trends. The most noteworthy are the extraordinary increase in imprisonment since 1973 and the overrepresentation of black people among prisoners. Section IV looks back on the earlier sections and tries to tie them together.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|State||Published - Sep 18 2012|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2011 by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.
- American criminal justice system
- Crime rates
- Crime trends