Crystal structures of nitronium tetranitratogallate and its reversible solid-state phase transition mediated by nonmerohedral twinning

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Abstract

Single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analyses of [NO2][Ga(NO3)4] reveal that it undergoes a reversible phase transition without any apparent damage to the crystal during repeated temperature cyclings. The room-temperature, noncentrosymmetric, body-centered tetragonal (I 4), polymorph 1 (a = 9.2774(3) Å, c = 6.1149(2) Å, Z = 2) consists of well-separated nitronium and tetranitratogallate ions. The [Ga(NO3)4]- units exhibit a slightly squashed tetrahedral geometry in which all of the ligands are monodentate. Below approximately 250 K, distortions lower the symmetry to the chiral, body-centered monoclinic nonstandard space group I2. Both components (2a: a = 9.5857(2) Å, b = 5.9399(1) Å, c = 8.9759(2) Å, β = 90.409(1)°, Z = 2. 2b: a = 9.5898(2) Å, b = 5.9376(1) Å, c = 8.9784(1) Å, β = 90.420(1)°, Z = 2) of the nonmerohedrally twinned structure are independently refined and found to be enantiomeric with nearly identical distance and angle parameters. As in the high-temperature polymorph, the cations and anions are well separated. The most notable change involves two of the nitrato ligands in the [Ga(NO3)4]- ions that have become bidendate, causing the molecular structure to distort toward octahedral geometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4621-4624
Number of pages4
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume39
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2000

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