Crystallite size effect on saturation magnetization of fine ferrimagnetic particles

D. H. Han, J. P. Wang, H. L. Luo

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Abstract

Fine equiaxed γ-CoxFe2-xO3 (x=0, 0.06) particles with diameters of 200-1000 Å were prepared by chemical precipitation. The average crystallite sizes of the particles were determined from X-ray line broadening measurements. The saturation magnetization of the particles were measured at 295 and 79 K, respectively. An empirical linear dependence of the specific saturation magnetization σs on the specific surface area Sa of the fine crystallites was obtained in the form of σs(S) = σs(∞)(1 - ASa), where the slope A is different for γ-Fe2O3 and γ-Co 0.06Fe1.94O3 particles. Under the supposition that the fine crystallite consists of two parts, i.e. a surface layer, whose magnetic moment can not be turned entirely along the direction of the applied field, but makes an average canting angle with the field, and an inner part, whose magnetic moment can be aligned along the direction of the applied field, the above empirical formula can be interpreted well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume136
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1994

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