Cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris in wastewater with waste glycerol: Strategies for improving nutrients removal and enhancing lipid production

Xiaochen Ma, Hongli Zheng, Min Addy, Erik Anderson, Yuhuan Liu, Paul Chen, Roger Ruan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

To improve nutrients removal from wastewater and enhance lipid production, cultivation of Chlorella vulgaris in wastewater with waste glycerol generated from biodiesel production using scum derived oil as feedstock was studied. The results showed that nutrients removal was improved and lipid production of C. vulgaris was enhanced with the addition of waste glycerol into wastewater to balance its C/N ratio. The optimal concentration of the pretreated glycerol for C. vulgaris was 10 g L-1 with biomass concentration of 2.92 g L-1, lipid productivity of 163 mg L-1 d-1, and the removal of 100% ammonia and 95% of total nitrogen. Alkaline conditions prompted cell growth and lipid accumulation of C. vulgaris while stimulating nutrients removal. The application of the integration process can lower both wastewater treatment and biofuel feedstock costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-261
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume207
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016

Keywords

  • Biofuel production
  • Microalga
  • Waste glycerol
  • Wastewater

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