Cutaneous and oral eruption from oral exposure to nickel in dental braces

Julie C. Schultz, Elizabeth Connelly, Lynn Glesne, Erin M. Warshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oral eruptions due to nickel allergy are rare. A common presentation of intraoral contact dermatitis is the presence of lichenoid plaques on the buccal mucosa adjacent to the offending antigen. We report an unusual case of cutaneous and mucosal nickel allergy arising after placement of dental braces. An 11-year-old boy was referred by his orthodontist to the University of Minnesota Occupational and Contact Dermatitis Clinic to be evaluated for a possible metal allergy. The patient developed an itchy rash on his abdomen and under his wristwatch 1 week after dental braces were placed. He was diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis from nickel. The patient avoided cutaneous nickel exposure and had a minimal resolution of his symptoms. One year later, the patient developed swelling and burning of the lips. Secondary to extreme discomfort, the braces, which contained nickel, titanium, and zinc, were removed. The patient underwent standard patch testing; the final reading at 96 hours showed a +++ reaction to nickel, palladium, cobalt chloride, and neomycin. The patient experienced relief of his oral symptoms after removal of the braces. No current relevance to palladium, cobalt, or neomycin has been found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-157
Number of pages4
JournalDermatitis
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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