Cyanophenyloximes: Reliable and versatile tools for hydrogen-bond directed supramolecular synthesis of cocrystals

Christer B. Aakeröy, Debra J. Salmon, Michelle M. Smith, John Desper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

90 Scopus citations

Abstract

A systematic structural and spectroscopic examination of the products resulting from cocrystallization reactions between three types of phenyloximes R-C=N-OH (where R = H, Me, or CN) and a series of N-heterocyclic hydrogen-bond acceptors demonstrates that the acidity of the oxime -OH hydrogen-bond donor is crucial to the efficacy of the supramolecular assembly process. Cyanophenyloximes are comparable to carboxylic acids, in terms of success rate, whereas the significantly less acidic CH3- and H-substituted analogues are not effective at generating cocrystals despite close similarities in steric and geometric parameters. The importance and validity of using experimental pKa values and calculated electrostatic potential surfaces as a basis for predicting the supramolecular yield of an O-H⋯N interaction for driving the formation of cocrystals (within a functional group class) is unambiguously established, and six new crystal structures of cocrystals assembled using oxime⋯heterocycle-based hydrogen bonds are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1033-1042
Number of pages10
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

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