Different nitrovasodilators were used to assess the role of cyclic GMP in the regulation of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) function. Molsidomine and its metabolites, 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1) and N-nitro-N-morpholinoaminoacetonitrile (SIN-1A) at 0.01-1 mM, inhibited lysosomal enzyme release from PMN stimulated by 30 nM formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP). At 1 mM, molsidomine, SIN-1 and SIN-1A decreased ß-glucuronidase release by 19, 37 and 46% of the control, respectively. Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) showed no effect on ß-glucuronidase release from PMN. At 1 mM, SIN-1A, SIN-1 and SNP in the presence of 0.5 mM isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) stimulated cyclic GMP 21-, 9- and 14-fold, respectively, demonstrating a relation between cyclic GMP stimulation and neutrophil inhibition by the molsidomine metabolites. GTN and unmetabolized molsidomine were without effect on cyclic GMP levels. The hypothesis of an inhibitory effect of cyclic GMP on neutrophil function was further supported by the attenuation of SIN-1-induced inhibition of enzyme release by methylene blue (10 μM), an inhibitor of soluble guanylate cyclase. Moreover, 8-bromo cyclic GMP and dibutyryl cyclic GMP, 1 mM, decreased ß-glucuronidase release from FMLP-stimulated PMN by 12 and 44% of the control, respectively. These data demonstrate that cyclic GMP is an inhibitory second messenger in human PMN and suggest that this action of SIN-1 may be of considerable interest under conditions of platelet/PMN activation, e.g. during myocardial ischemia.
- Polymorphonuclear leukocytes