Deciphering the origin of giant magnetic anisotropy and fast quantum tunnelling in Rhenium(IV) single-molecule magnets

Saurabh Kumar Singh, Gopalan Rajaraman

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Single-molecule magnets represent a promising route to achieve potential applications such as high-density information storage and spintronics devices. Among others, 4d/5d elements such as Re(IV) ion are found to exhibit very large magnetic anisotropy, and inclusion of this ion-aggregated clusters yields several attractive molecular magnets. Here, using ab intio calculations, we unravel the source of giant magnetic anisotropy associated with the Re(IV) ions by studying a series of mononuclear Re(IV) six coordinate complexes. The low-lying doublet states are found to be responsible for large magnetic anisotropy and the sign of the axial zero-field splitting parameter (D) can be categorically predicted based on the position of the ligand coordination. Large transverse anisotropy along with large hyperfine interactions opens up multiple relaxation channels leading to a fast quantum tunnelling of the magnetization (QTM) process. Enhancing the Re-ligand covalency is found to significantly quench the QTM process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10669
JournalNature communications
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
G.R. acknowledges DST (EMR/2014/000247), INSA, DST Nanomission (SR/NM/NS-1119/2011) for funding. S.K.S. thanks Department of Chemistry, IITB, for Research Associate position. The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer for his constructive comments.

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