An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection of immunoglobulin G (IgG) to the capsular polysaccharide (CP) of Pasteurella haemolytica serotype 1. Purified CP was first covalently coupled to poly-L-lysine and then optimally adsorbed at a concentration of 5 μg/ml to microtiter plates in the presence of carbonate-bicarbonate buffer (pH 9.8). The ELISA was used to evaluate and compare the CP-specific IgG responses of calves vaccinated with different P. haemolytica-derived experimental vaccines. Elevated levels of ELISA IgG titers were detected in postvaccination sera and lung lavage from calves vaccinated intradermally with live logarithmic-phase organisms or the culture supernatants. The ELISA was found to be a rapid, reproducible, and sensitive technique for the detection of CP-specific antibodies and may be useful to delineate the protective role of these antibodies in bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis.