Determination of linear response in the detection of aroma compounds by atmospheric pressure ionization-mass spectrometry (API-MS)

Roberto A. Buffo, Gerhard Zehentbauer, Gary A. Reineccius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Linearity and detection thresholds of atmospheric pressure ionization-mass spectrometry (API-MS) were determined for 11 aroma compounds in air at concentrations ranging from 50 ppb to ∼450 ppm (moles of volatile per mole of air). In most cases, the protonated molecular ion (i.e., m/z = M + 1) was the base peak throughout the range; however, some compounds showed an increase in fragmentation at lower concentrations. Detection limits varied greatly (from 50 ppb to 14 ppm) depending upon the aroma compound being measured. The linear range was also strongly dependent upon the aroma compound, with values ranging from <10-fold change in concentration to >4000-fold change in concentration depending upon the volatile being studied. The two volatiles with poor detection thresholds also exhibited the smallest linear range. Most compounds had linear ranges of >200. There was no apparent relationship between gas-phase basicity and either detection limit or linear range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-707
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Volume53
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2005

Keywords

  • APCI-MS
  • Aroma compounds
  • Breath analysis
  • Linear response

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