Determination of residual renal function with iohexol clearance in hemodialysis patients

Suzanne K. Swan, Charles E. Halstenson, Bert L Kasiske, Allan J Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Residual renal function (RRF) may contribute significantly to the total dialysis prescription. Conventional quantitation of RRF in hemodialysis (HD) patients is measured by urea clearance and requires a 24-hour urine collection which is often difficult to perform and inaccurate. The renal clearance of iohexol was evaluated as an alternative method for RRF assessment (iohexol-derived RRF) in hemodialysis patients. An intravenous bolus of iohexol (12 ml; 300 mg iodine/ml) was administered to 42 hemodialysis patients following routine HD. A single blood sample was obtained approximately 44 hours later (pre-HD) to determine the plasma clearance of iohexol using x-ray fluorescence methods. Total body clearance of iohexol (C(NRio)) and non-renal clearance of iohexol (C(NRio)) 2.87 ± 0.3 ml/min (mean ± SEM) were used to calculate iohexol-derived RRF (C(TBio) - C(NRio)) Iohexol-derived RRF determinations were then compared to urea clearance-derived RRF measurements. The RRF contribution to the dialysis prescription was also calculated utilizing iohexol-derived RRF compared to urea-derived RRF. Iohexol-derived RRF did not differ from urea-derived RRF (2.48 ± 0.3 vs. 2.64 ± 0.4 ml/min, P = 0.21). The RRF contribution to the weekly dialysis prescription (Kt/V) did not differ when iohexol-derived RRF was compared to urea-derived RRF (0.94 ± 0.1 vs. 0.93 ± 0.1, P = 0.9). Additionally, the effect of iohexol on RRF was assessed in 17 HD patients. Urea-derived RRF determinations one week after iohexol exposure did not differ from those measured one week prior to iohexol exposure (3.17 ± 0.6 vs. 2.91 ± 0.5 ml/min, respectively). Thus, renal clearance of iohexol can be an accurate and safe measure of RRF in HD patients and potentially simplify delivery of the dialysis prescription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-235
Number of pages4
JournalKidney international
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

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