Water and associated nutrients can enter freshwater and marine coastal wetlands from both watershed and offshore sources. Identifying the relative contribution of these potential sources, and the spatial scale at which sources are influenced by anthropogenic activities, are critical steps in wetland protection and restoration. We developed a hydrology-based classification scheme for Great Lakes coastal wetlands for the purpose of identifying dominant hydrologic influences and water sources. Classes were determined through analysis of data quantifying hydrologic linkages to lake (seiche) and watershed (watershed area, tributary discharge) in 57 wetlands distributed along the U.S. shoreline of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Wetlands were partitioned into four classes of hydrology that were predicted to differ in sources of water. Source water predictions were tested by comparing Chloride (Cl-) concentrations in wetland, lake, and tributary waters of the wetlands in each class. Results confirmed that classification based on quantitative hydrology data was successful in identifying groups of wetlands with similar water sources. Correlations between wetland Cl-, an indicator of anthropogenic disturbance, and agricultural and urban land uses suggest that differences among classes in water sources resulted in differences in the scale at which wetlands were connected to and influenced by landscapes.
- Great Lakes coastal wetland
- Land use