Deuterium Kinetic Isotope Effects and their Temperature Dependence in the Gas-Phase SN2 Reactions X+ CH3Y → CH3X + Y(X, Y = Cl, Br, I)

Wei Ping Hu, Donald G. Truhlar

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Abstract

Extended-basis-set calculations with electron correlation have been carried out for the reactant and transition state properties of the gas-phase SN2 reactions Cl+ CH3Br → CH3Cl + Br, Cl+ CH3I → CH3Cl+ I, and Br+ CH3I → CH3Br + I. The resulting force fields are used for canonical unified statistical theory calculations of the rate constants of these reactions and their perdeuterated analogs. Kinetic isotope effects (KIEs) and their temperature dependences have been calculated and analyzed, and they are compared to available experimental data. We find only small deviations of the generalized transition state theory results from conventional transition state theory, and we obtain reasonable agreement (∼10%) with experimental results for the KIEs of the first two reactions, but the KIEs that we predict for the third reaction are up to 26% higher than experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10726-10734
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume117
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

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