Clostridium perfringens is a well-known pathogen that causes food-borne illnesses. Although bacteriophages can be effective natural food preservatives, phage endolysin and cell wall–binding domain (CBD) provide useful materials for lysis of C. perfringens and rapid detection. The genome of phage CPAS-15 consists of 51.8-kb double-stranded circular DNA with 78 open reading frames, including an endolysin gene. The apparent absence of a virulence factor or toxin gene suggests its safety in food applications. C. perfringens endolysin (LysCPAS15) inhibits host cells by up to a 3-log reduction in 2 h, and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-fused CBD protein (EGFP-LysCPAS15_CBD1) detects C. perfringens within 5 min. Both exhibit broader host range spectra and higher stabilities than a bacteriophage. Tests in milk show the same host lysis and specific detection activities, with no hindrance effect from food matrices, indicating that endolysin and its CBD can provide food extended protection from C. perfringens contamination.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (19162MFDS037) from the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety in 2020.
- Cell wall–binding domain
- Clostridium perfringens
- Rapid detection
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article