Many efforts are being made to develop filters with high efficiency and high holding capacity but remaining a low pressure drop. A two-layer composite filter to achieve the goal was developed, in which the first layer was a charged coarse fibers to provide large void space for particle loading and the second was a thin layer of charged melt-blown with finer fibers to enhance the overall efficiency. Experimental results showed that although the new composite media had a lower initial efficiency than the other two HEPA filters (PTFE and glass fiber filter), its figure of merit (FOM) was the highest. Besides, the composite media had a better holding capacity for PM2.5 than the other two. At a fixed mass load, i.e., 2 g m−2, the PTFE (ΔP = 380 Pa) and glass fiber (ΔP = 165 Pa) required around 7.6 and 3.3 times more power, respectively, than the composite media (ΔP = 50 Pa). Due to the low charge level of the coarse fiber layer and the fine fiber diameter of the melt-blown layer, resulted in no efficiency reduction along the loading process. Theoretical analysis showed that the charge shielding and the loss of efficiency in the successive top-down layers were timely compensated by the efficiency enhancement caused by the loading effects, which made the composite media a much uniform deposition of PM2.5 in layers. This was the main reason resulting in the high holding capacity and low pressure drop of the current composite media which acted like a perfect depth filtration media.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science and Technology Major Project of China (grant numbers 2017YFC0211801 , 2016YFC0801704 , 2016YFC0203701 , 2016YFC0801605 ). The authors also thank the support of members of the Center for Filtration Research: 3 M Corporation, A.O. Smith Company, Applied Materials, Inc., BASF Corporation, Boeing Company, Corning Co., China Yancheng Environmental Protection Science and Technology City, Cummins Filtration Inc., Donaldson Company, Inc., Entegris, Inc., Ford Motor Company, Guangxi Wat Yuan Filtration System Co., Ltd, MSP Corporation; Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Xinxiang Shengda Filtration Technology Co.,Ltd., TSI Inc., W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc., Shigematsu Works Co., Ltd., and the affiliate member National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
- Composite media
- Electret media
- Energy saving
- Holding capacity