Diagnosis and therapy of coronary artery disease in renal failure, end-stage renal disease, and renal transplant populations

Christine M. Logar, Charles A Herzog, Srinivasan Beddhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Even though cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with CRF and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), ill-conceived notions have led to therapeutic nihilism as the predominant strategy in the management of cardiovascular disease in these populations. The recent data clearly support the application of proven interventions in the general population, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and statins to patients with CRF and ESRD. The advances in coronary stents and intracoronary irradiation have decreased the restenosis rates in renal failure patients. Coronary artery bypass with internal mammary graft might be the procedure of choice for coronary revascularization in these patients. The role of screening for asymptomatic coronary disease is established as a pretransplant procedure, but it is unclear whether this will be applicable to all patients with ESRD. Future studies need to focus on unraveling the mechanisms by which uremia leads to increased cardiovascular events to design optimal therapies targeted toward these mechanisms and improve cardiovascular outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-227
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume325
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary revascularization
  • End-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • Renal transplantation

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