Differences in Sexual Health Outcomes Between Adolescents in Public Schools and Juvenile Correctional Facilities

Meagan Thompson, Laurel Davis, Virginia Pendleton, Rebecca Shlafer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Data from a statewide, anonymous survey were used to test for differences between adolescents’ sexual health behaviors and their outcomes across settings. Youth in juvenile correctional facilities (JCFs) were disproportionally male and Black compared to their peers in public schools. Youth in JCFs were significantly more likely than their peers to report that they had ever had sex, used substances prior to last sex, or been involved in a pregnancy. They were less likely to have used condoms or contraception at last sex, or to report having talked with their partners about sexually transmitted infections or birth control. The results highlight the importance of comprehensive sexual health education and access to a reproductive health provider for students in JCFs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-337
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Correctional Health Care
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Dr. Thompson’s effort on this project was supported with funds from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as part of an award totaling $2,189,710 (T71MC00006; R. Sieving, PI). Dr. Davis’s effort on this project was supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services under National Research Service Award in Primary Medical Care, Grant No. T32HP22239 (PI: Borowsky).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • correctional facility
  • juvenile
  • sexual health

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