The adapter molecule Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing leukocyte phosphoprotein of 76 kDa (SLP-76) is essential for FcεRI-mediated signaling, degranulation and IL-6 production in mast cells. To test the structural requirements of SLP-76 in mast cell signaling and function, we have studied the functional responses of murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) expressing mutant forms of SLP-76. We found that the N-terminal tyrosines as well as the central proline-rich region of SLP-76 are required for participation of SLP-76 in FcεRI-mediated signaling and function. The C-terminal SH2 domain of SLP-76 also contributes to optimal function of SLP-76 in mast cells. Another adapter molecule, adhesion- and degranulation-promoting adapter protein (ADAP), is known to bind the SH2 domain of SLP-76, and cell line studies have implicated ADAP in mast cell adhesion and FcεRI-induced degranulation. Surprisingly, we found that mast cells lacking ADAP expression demonstrate no defects in FcεRI-induced adhesion, granule release, or IL-6 production, and that ADAP-deficient mice produce a normal passive systemic anaphylactic response. Thus, failure to bind ADAP does not underlie the functional defects exhibited by SLP-76 SH2 domain mutant-expressing mast cells.