PF injury and disease are difficult to define and characterize. Frequently, disease classifications are lumped together, which makes it hard to establish meaningful baseline data from our current literature. Population demographics that define PF disorders by sex are scant. Clinical data support the fact that these problems are more common in women. Potential risk factors for PF disease and injury that may show a variance by sex include anatomic and neuromuscular factors. As we better classify PF disorders and tease out potential risk factors, a female sex predilection is likely to become more apparent.