Discrete element modeling and large scale experimental studies of bouldery debris flows

K. M. Hill, Yohannes Bereket, William E. Dietrich, Leslie Hsu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Bouldery debris flows exhibit a rich variety of dynamics including complex fluid-like behaviour and spontaneous pattern formation. A predictive model for these flows is elusive. Among the complicating factors for these systems, mixtures of particles tend to segregate into dramatic patterns whose details are sensitive to particle property and interstitial fluids, not fully captured by continuum models. Further, the constitutive behaviour of particulate flows are sensitive to the particle size distributions. In this paper, we investigate the use of Discrete Element Model (DEM) techniques for their effectiveness in reproducing these details in debris flow. Because DEM simulations individual particle trajectories throughout the granular flow, this technique is able to capture segregation effects, associated changes in local particle size distribution, and resultant non-uniformity of constitutive relations. We show that a simple computational model study using DEM simulations of a thin granular flow of spheres reproduces flow behaviour and segregation in an experimental model debris flows. Then, we show how this model can be expanded to include variable particle shape and different interstitial fluids. Ultimately, this technique presents a manner in which sophisticated theoretical models may be built which consider the evolving effects of local particle size distribution on debris flow behaviour.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication5th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazard Mitigation
Subtitle of host publicationMechanics, Prediction, and Assessment
Pages435-447
Number of pages13
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event5th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment - Padua, Italy
Duration: Jun 14 2011Jun 17 2011

Other

Other5th International Conference on Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment
CountryItaly
CityPadua
Period6/14/116/17/11

Keywords

  • Debris flow
  • Dense granular flows
  • Rotating drum
  • Segregation
  • Simulations

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