A major tradition in recent studies of divorce has proposed that the divorce experience often leads to enhanced personal development, including a greater sense of personal control over one’s life. The present study examined a correlate of this divorce-as-development position, namely, that divorced persons when compared with married persons should have a stronger belief in personal control over life events. Using locus of control personality scores from a national probability sample of white adults, with education and income controlled, this study found that divorced persons were on the average significantly more internal than married persons. Similar comparisons between the divorced and other marital status groups were interpreted as supporting the divorce-as-development position. It was observed, however, that the’ present cross-sectional data cannot unravel the issue of causal direction, i.e., are internals more likely to become divorced or is greater internality a byproduct of the divorce experience?