Necrosis and apoptosis are the two fundamental hallmarks of neuronal death in stroke. Nevertheless, thrombolysis, by means of the recombinant serine protease t-PA, remains until now the only approved treatment of stroke in man. Over the last years, the cytokine termed Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) has been found to be strongly up regulated in the central nervous system following ischemia-induced brain damage. Recent studies have shown a neuroprotective activity of TGF-beta 1 against ischemia-induced neuronal death. In vitro, TGF-beta 1 protects neurons against excitotoxicity by inhibiting the t-PA-potentiated NMDA-induced neuronal death through a mechanism involving the up-regulation of the type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) in astrocytes. Altogether, these observations suggest that either TGF-beta signaling or TGF-beta 1-modulated genes could be good targets for the development of new therapeutic strategies for stroke in man.
|Translated title of the contribution||Does transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) act as a neuroprotective agent in cerebral ischemia?|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal de la Société de biologie|
|State||Published - 2003|