Drug and sexual HIV risk behaviours related to knowledge of HIV serostatus among injection drug users in Houston, Texas

Syed WB Noor, Michael W. Ross, Dejian Lai, Jan M. Risser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the association between drug and sexual HIV risk behaviours and knowledge of HIV serostatus among a sample of injection drug users, recruited into the 2009 National HIV Behavioral Surveillance project. We calculated prevalence ratios and associated 95% confidence intervals of reporting a given risk behaviour comparing injection drug users unaware of their serostatus and HIV-negative to HIV-positive injection drug users. Of 523 participants, 21% were unaware of their HIV serostatus. The three groups were not different from each other in terms of drug-use behaviours; however, injection drug users unaware of their HIV serostatus were 33% more likely to report having more than three sexual partners in the past 12 months and 45% more likely to report having unprotected sex compared to HIV-positive injection drug users. We observed markedly higher prevalence of sexual risk behaviours among injection drug users unaware of their serostatus, but drug-use risk behaviours were similar across the groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • HIV
  • HIV risk behaviours
  • HIV serostatus knowledge
  • Houston
  • Texas
  • injection drug user
  • sexual risk
  • sexually transmitted infections

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