An experimental study of 2,4,5-trichlorophenol (2,4,5-TCP) sorption to kraft papermaking fiber demonstrates that the dual reactive domain model (DRDM) effectively characterizes the process over a broad concentration region. Isotherm data were deconvoluted into linear partitioning and nonlinear adsorption contributions in accordance with the model demonstrating the importance of both mechanisms to the overall process. DRDM accurately fit concentration-dependent distribution coefficient, Kd(C), data that could not be characterized with the Freundlich or Langmuir equations, and the model predicts the asymptotic movement toward a limiting Kd(C) value at high solute or cosolute concentrations observed in experiments. Competitive effects were accounted for by modifying the adsorption portion of the model. With its limitations understood, the extended Langmuir equation was utilized and provided an effective fit of data. Langmuir fitting parameters for competitive data with five different n-alcohol homologs allowed estimates of free energy values per methylene linkage, which were in agreement with previously reported values. Also obtained from competitive data were relative sorption values for various benzene analogs, indicating that interactions in addition to those stemming from solute hydrophobicity often contribute in driving the overall sorption process. These results have implications for papermaking given the ubiquitous nature and importance of sorption in the process.
- Competitive sorption
- Dual reactive domain model