Dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) is a slow, disconjugate hypertropic deviation of a nonfixating eye. It is usually bilateral, asymmetrical, and often associated with congenital esotropia. The deviating eye elevates, abducts, and excyclotorts. This type of strabismus is often variable, making measurement and clinical quantification difficult. Specific knowledge of the mechanisms and characteristics of the dissociated deviation are required for proper assessment and effective treatment. There is currently no consensus on the mechanisms and pathophysiology of DVD. In this workshop, participants discuss the characteristics and most current methods for assessing and quantifying the deviation and explore the potential etiologies, clinical characteristics, and indications for surgical intervention and nonsurgical management of DVD.