Dynamic Ice Formation within Culverts in Cold Regions

Andrew M. Strasser, Marty Rye, Rebecca L. Teasley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Dynamic ice accumulation within hydraulic structures in rivers and streams can have a significant impact on the connected natural habitat and adjoining transportation infrastructure. Excessive ice formation within culvert barrels reduces the available cross section area and increases the wetted surface subject to flow. These conditions reduce the overall capacity of culverts and can increase the potential for overtopping and subsequent road surface failure, especially during rapid thawing. Excessive ice formation was observed in several culverts of various design methods throughout the Superior National Forest in northeastern Minnesota. Air and water temperature sensors combined with time-lapse cameras indicate that culvert design characteristics such as available freeboard combined with repetitive temperature cycles above and below freezing contributed to excessive ice accumulation within the barrel of the study culverts. The objective of the study was to identify culvert characteristics conducive to dynamic ice formation and determine designs critical for mitigating culvert failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017
Subtitle of host publicationHydraulics and Waterways and Water Distribution Systems Analysis - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017
EditorsBrian Van Weele, Christopher N. Dunn
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages382-388
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480625
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event17th World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017 - Sacramento, United States
Duration: May 21 2017May 25 2017

Publication series

NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017: Hydraulics and Waterways and Water Distribution Systems Analysis - Selected Papers from the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017

Other

Other17th World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySacramento
Period5/21/175/25/17

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamic Ice Formation within Culverts in Cold Regions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this