An equivariant center-manifold reduction near relative equilibria of G-equivariant semiflows on Banach spaces is presented. In contrast to previous results, the Lie group G is possibly non-compact. Moreover, it is not required that G induces a strongly continuous group action on the underlying function space. In fact, G may act discontinuously. The results are applied to bifurcations of stable patterns arising in reaction-diffusion systems on the plane or in three-space modeling chemical systems such as catalysis on platinum surfaces and Belousov-Zhabotinsky reactions. These systems are equivariant under the Euclidean symmetry group. Hopf bifurcations from rigidly-rotating spiral waves to meandering or drifting waves and from twisted scroll rings are investigated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
B. Sandstede was partially supported by a Feodor Lynen Fellowship of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.