Mobilization and translation of mRNAs, two important events believed to involve stress granules (SGs), in neurons are important for their survival and activities. However, the formation and disassembly of SGs in neurons remains unclear. By using an arsenite-induced neuronal stress model of rat primary spinal cord neuron cultures, we demonstrate the formation of SGs that contain common SG components and RNAs in both stressed neuronal cell bodies and their neurites. By employing small interfering RNA (siRNA) knockdown, we discovered that dynein motor subunit localizes in SG, and is important for SG assembly in neurons. Under stress, dynein motor subunit also facilitates translational repression and enhances the formation and integrity of SG in neurons. By blocking the energy source of dynein motor, both the formation and disassembly of SG are attenuated. These findings demonstrate, for the first time, that dynein motor complex plays a critical role in the dynamics of neuronal SGs, as well as translation of certain mRNAs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Mar 17 2009|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is supported in part by NIH grants DA11190, DA11806, DK54733, DK60521 and K02-DA13926 to L.-N.W.
- primary neurons
- stress granules