Introduction Body weight varies depending on the prevailing direction of environmental pressures; however, physiological factors also play a significant role in the control of body weight. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on hormones and peptides involved in the control of energy balance and their possible implications in appetite/satiety. Methods The sample included 39 individuals with extreme obesity (37 women and two men) who underwent RYGB. Anthropometric and biochemical markers were collected before surgery and 6 months after RYGB. Results The BMI decreased from 44.3±6.4 to 31.7±5.7 kg/m 2 (P<0.001) at the sixth month. Percentage of excess weight lost was 63.2±25.0%. Leptin and glucose levels decreased significantly 6 months after RYGB (P<0.001). Interestingly, a significant correlation was confirmed between the anorexigenic gut hormone peptide YY (PYY) and the central anorexigenic mediator melanocyte-stimulating hormone after 6 months of RYGB (r=0.35, P=0.004). In contrast, PYY concentrations were correlated negatively with BMI (r=-0.34, P=0.002). Conclusion In the present investigation, it was found that there is a relationship between melanocyte-stimulating hormone and PYY concentrations, and it supports the role of the PYY to POMC signal in appetite regulation after RYGB.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2016|
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- energy regulation
- gastric bypass
- gastrointestinal hormones