Effect of Alternative Palatal Root Access Technique on Fracture Resistance of Root Canal Treated Maxillary Fourth Premolar Teeth in Dogs

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Abstract

A biomechanical study was performed to identify the effect of different treatment methods for difficult to instrument palatal roots on the fracture resistance of root canal treated maxillary fourth premolar teeth in dogs. Forty maxillary fourth premolar teeth with surrounding alveolar bone were harvested from beagle cadavers. Inclusion criteria included maxillary fourth premolars with no evidence of disease and similar distal root canal volumes on radiographic evaluation. The teeth were randomly divided into a control group and three treatment groups based on the endodontic treatment technique for the palatal root. The control group had a single 2 mm transcoronal access on the mesiobuccal aspect of the tooth to allow instrumentation of both the mesiobuccal and palatal root through a single small access. Alternative treatment modalities that are described for difficult to instrument palatal roots investigated in this study included enlarging the transcoronal mesiobuccal access to 4 mm, making an additional access directly over the palatal root (2 mm), and hemisection with extraction of the palatal root. All teeth had the same distal root access size (2 mm) and relative location. After access, all teeth were filed, shaped, obturated, and restored in the same fashion. Axial compression testing was performed at an angle of 60 degrees to the long axis of the tooth using a universal materials testing machine. The maximum force prior to fracture was determined for each tooth based on a force vs. deflection curve. The mean maximum force prior to fracture for all teeth was 831 N. No significant difference in mean fracture resistance was identified between the control group and treatment groups or between the different treatment groups themselves. Thus, when faced with a difficult to instrument palatal root, the treatment method chosen should be based on operator preference and experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number600145
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank the Minnesota Dental Research Center for Biomaterials and Biomechanics for assistance with biomechanical testing. Funding. Funding for this study was provided through a University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine resident and graduate student research grant.

Funding Information:
Funding for this study was provided through a University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine resident and graduate student research grant.

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Matelski, Rendahl and Goldschmidt.

Keywords

  • fracture resistance
  • maxillary fourth premolar tooth
  • root canal
  • small animal dentistry
  • tooth fracture
  • veterinary endodontics

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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