We have previously shown that exogenous recombinant porcine IGFBP-3 (rpIGFBP-3) suppresses proliferation and differentiation of L6 myogenic cells in an IGF-I-dependent manner and suppresses proliferation of L6 myogenic cells via an IGF-I-independent mechanism. In order to assess the effects of endogenously produced IGFBP-3, we have transfected L6 myogenic cells with a pEF6/V5 vector containing pIGFBP-3 cDNA under the control of the human elongation factor 1α (hEF-1α) promoter and with the empty vector. We have isolated a cell population that constitutively produces porcine IGFBP-3 (tL6 cells) and a stable mock transfected cell population containing the empty vector (mtL6 cells). Constitutive expression of IGFBP-3 slightly reduced the expression of IGFBP-5 but had no effect on IGFBP-4 production by L6 myogenic cells. Immunoneutralization of IGFBP-3 increased both IGF-I- and Long-R3-IGF-I-stimulated proliferation of tL6 cells (58 and 33%, respectively) (P < 0.01). These data indicate endogenous pIGFBP-3, like exogenous rpIGFBP-3, suppresses the proliferation of L6 myogenic cells via both IGF-I-dependent and -independent pathways. Immunoneutralization of IGFBP-3 also increased IGF-I-stimulated differentiation (21%, P < 0.05) but had no effect on Long-R3-IGF-I stimulated differentiation of tL6 myogenic cells. Results indicate that exogenous and endogenous IGFBP-3 affect proliferation and differentiation of L6 myogenic cells in a similar way. Immunohistochemical localization data reveal that pre-incubation with anti-pIGFBP-3 dramatically reduces the level of intracellular IGFBP-3 in tL6 myogenic cells indicating that endogenously produced IGFBP-3 must first be secreted before it is internalized and that anti-pIGFBP-3 prevents internalization of IGFBP-3. TL6 and mtL6 cells provide a good system to further investigate the mechanisms by which IGFBP-3 affects proliferation and differentiation of myogenic cells.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a USDA National Research Initiative Competitive Grant (Grant #00–10204) from the USDA Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service Program and by the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.
- L6 myogenic cells
- Stable transfection