Background. Cervical dystonia (CD) is a neurological movement disorder characterized by involuntary contractions of the cervical musculature and is known to be associated with proprioceptive dysfunction in dystonic/nondystonic limbs. Objectives. We examined how neck botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) injection affects wrist proprioception and the corresponding sensorimotor cortical activity in CD. Method. Wrist position sense acuity of the dominant (right) hand was evaluated in 15 CD and 15 control participants. Acuity measures were a psychophysical position sense discrimination threshold (DT; based on passive joint displacement) and joint position matching error (based on active movement). Cortical activity during the motor preparation period of the active joint position matching was examined using electroencephalography. Results. In their symptomatic state, patients demonstrated a significantly higher wrist proprioceptive DT, indicating an abnormal passive wrist position sense. Yet BoNT injections had no significant effect on this threshold. During active joint position matching, errors were significantly larger in patients, but this difference vanished after the administration of BoNT. Motor preparation of active wrist position matching was associated with a significantly higher rise of β-band (13-30 Hz) power over contralateral somatosensory-motor cortical areas in patients. This excessive cortical activity significantly declined post-BoNT. Conclusion. Wrist proprioceptive perception during passive/active movements is abnormal in CD. An excessive rise of premotor/motor cortical β-oscillations during motor planning is associated with this proprioceptive dysfunction. Neck BoNT injections normalized the cortical processing of proprioceptive information from nonsymptomatic limbs, indicating that local injections may affect the central mechanisms of proprioceptive function in CD.
- sensory integration
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't