BACKGROUND:: Prone is the preferred patient position for fluoroscopic-guided lumbar puncture (LP). Normative data for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) opening pressure (OP) exist for lateral decubitus (LD) positioning only and have not been defined for the prone position. This study compares CSF OP values in the prone and LD positions and examines the effect of body mass index (BMI) on OP. METHODS:: Patients undergoing diagnostic or therapeutic fluoroscopic-guided LP were recruited prospectively at 2 tertiary care centers from 2009 to 2012. Following prone fluoroscopic-guided LP, patients were rolled to the LD position for repeat CSF OP measurement. In addition to comparing the mean OP in each position, the relationships between OP, body position, and BMI were also explored. RESULTS:: Fifty-two patients were enrolled. A mean OP difference of 1.2 cm H2O was observed (prone: 26.5 cm H2O; LD: 27.7 cm H2O; P = 0.07). No correlation between CSF OP and BMI was seen in either position. CONCLUSIONS:: No statistically or clinically significant difference between prone and LD OP was identified. BMI does not appear to affect CSF OP measurement in either position.