Effect of propofol with and without EDTA on haemodynamics and calcium and magnesium homeostasis during and after cardiac surgery

Joyce Wahr, Jeffrey Vender, Hugh C. Gilbert, Bruce Spiess, Jan C. Horrow, Rosemarie Maddi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine the effect of the addition of disodium edetate (EDTA) to propofol on haemodynamics, ionised calcium and magnesium serum concentrations, and adverse events during cardiac surgery. Design: Double-blind, randomised, multicenter trial. Setting: Operating room and intensive care unit of 5 academic health centres. Patients: A total of 102 evaluable patients, aged 34 to 85 years, undergoing first-time, elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Interventions: Comparison of propofol with EDTA and propofol without EDTA, each in conjunction with the opioid sufentanil, for intraoperative anaesthesia and postoperative sedation. Measurements and Results: There were no significant differences at any time between the two formulations in any clinical chemistry measurements, including ionised calcium, ionised magnesium, total calcium, parathyroid hormone, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium, potassium, and phosphate. During bypass, the mean concentration of ionised calcium decreased to below the normal range, but the decrease was similar in both groups (propofol with EDTA, 0.98 ± 0.07 mmol/L [N = 51]; propofol, 0.99 ± 0.10 mmol/ L [N = 51]; p = NS). Calcium concentration returned to normal after rewarming. Mean ionised magnesium concentrations remained within normal limits in both groups. Similarly, there were no clinically meaningful differences between treatments with respect to haemodynamic variables, efficacy variables, or incidence of adverse events. Conclusions: The inclusion of EDTA in the current formulation of propofol appears to have no significant effects on calcium and magnesium profiles, renal function, haemodynamic variables, or other indicators of safety and efficacy during intraoperative anaesthesia and postoperative sedation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S 443-S 451
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Issue number9993
StatePublished - 2000


  • Cardiac surgical procedures
  • Chelating agents
  • Disodium EDTA
  • Propofol
  • Sedation, homeostasis

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