TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of upstream flow processes on hydrodynamic development in a duct

AU - Sparrow, E. M.

AU - Anderson, C. E.

PY - 1977/9

Y1 - 1977/9

N2 - Consideration is given to the developing laminar flow in a parallel plate channel, with the fluid being drawn from a large upstream space. The flow fields upstream and downstream of the channel inlet were solved simultaneously. A finite-difference technique was employed which was facilitated by a coordinate transformation that telescoped the broadly extended flow domain into a more compact size. For the solutions, the Reynolds number was assigned values from 1 to 1000, covering the range from viscous-dominated flows to those where both viscous and inertia effects are relevant. Streamline maps indicate that whereas a low Reynolds number flow glides smoothly into the channel, a high Reynolds number flow has to turn sharply to enter the channel, with the result that the sharply turning fluid tends to overshoot at first and then readjust. A significant amount of upstream predevelopment occurs at low and intermediate Reynolds numbers. Thus, for example, at Re = 1 and 100, the center-line velocities at inlet are, respectively, 1.37 and 1.18 times the mean velocity (the fully developed center-line velocity is 1.5 times the mean). The upstream pressure drop, measured in terms of the velocity head, is substantially increased by viscous effects at low and intermediate Reynolds numbers.

AB - Consideration is given to the developing laminar flow in a parallel plate channel, with the fluid being drawn from a large upstream space. The flow fields upstream and downstream of the channel inlet were solved simultaneously. A finite-difference technique was employed which was facilitated by a coordinate transformation that telescoped the broadly extended flow domain into a more compact size. For the solutions, the Reynolds number was assigned values from 1 to 1000, covering the range from viscous-dominated flows to those where both viscous and inertia effects are relevant. Streamline maps indicate that whereas a low Reynolds number flow glides smoothly into the channel, a high Reynolds number flow has to turn sharply to enter the channel, with the result that the sharply turning fluid tends to overshoot at first and then readjust. A significant amount of upstream predevelopment occurs at low and intermediate Reynolds numbers. Thus, for example, at Re = 1 and 100, the center-line velocities at inlet are, respectively, 1.37 and 1.18 times the mean velocity (the fully developed center-line velocity is 1.5 times the mean). The upstream pressure drop, measured in terms of the velocity head, is substantially increased by viscous effects at low and intermediate Reynolds numbers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017369044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017369044&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1115/1.3448846

DO - 10.1115/1.3448846

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0017369044

VL - 99

SP - 556

EP - 560

JO - Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME

JF - Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME

SN - 0098-2202

IS - 3

ER -