Most existing criteria for selecting efficient factorial designs are based on effect hierarchy principle. It focuses on making best estimations for lower-order effect, with the underlying assumption that the effects of the same order are equally important. However, experimenters often have some prior knowledge on which factors are more likely to be significant than others, and, consequently, may prefer designs that minimize aliasing between those important factors and other effects. We propose a new criterion that is defined on a column of the design matrix to measure the aliasing of the effect assigned to this column and effects involving other factors. We then use this criterion to rank the columns of a design and hence develop an approach for searching a class of effective designs. These designs are demonstrated to be more appropriate than minimum aberration designs in some scenarios. The results are tabulated for all 16-run and selected 32-run regular two-level designs for possible use by practitioners.
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We would like to thank the Associate Editor and the anonymous referee for their comments and suggestions which are very valuable in improving the paper. This work was supported by the NNSF of China Grant Nos. 11426161 , 11171165 , 11101074 and 11471239 .
© 2015 Elsevier B.V.
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- Effect hierarchy principle
- Fractional factorial designs
- Word length pattern