The single-band current-dipole Kubo formula for the dynamical conductivity of heavily doped graphene from Kupčić [Phys. Rev. B 91, 205428 (2015)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.91.205428] is extended to a two-band model for conduction π electrons in lightly doped graphene. Using a posteriori relaxation-time approximation in the two-band quantum transport equations, with two different relaxation rates and one quasiparticle lifetime, we explain a seemingly inconsistent dependence of the dc conductivity of ultraclean and dirty lightly doped graphene samples on electron doping, in a way consistent with the charge continuity equation. It is also shown that the intraband contribution to the effective number of conduction electrons in the dc conductivity vanishes at T=0 K in the ultraclean regime, but it remains finite in the dirty regime. The present model is shown to be consistent with a picture in which the intraband and interband contributions to the dc conductivity are characterized by two different mobilities of conduction electrons, the values of which are well below the widely accepted value of mobility in ultraclean graphene. The dispersions of Dirac and π plasmon resonances are reexamined to show that the present, relatively simple expression for the dynamical conductivity tensor can be used to study simultaneously single-particle excitations in the dc and optical conductivity and collective excitations in energy loss spectroscopy experiments.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sports under Project No. 119-1191458-0512 and the University of Zagreb Grant No. 202759.