The effect of d-amphetamine added to the drinking water on the rate of conditioned lever pressing by rats was determined using fixed-ratio 30 (FR-30) and fixed-interval 2-min (FI-2) schedules of food presentation. After 32 days of gradual increase in drug concentration the average drug ingestion was 13 mg/kg/day. In tests with various doses of d-amphetamine injected before and after the chronic ingestion regimen, the rate-decreasing effects of d-amphetamine on FR responding were attenuated after chronic treatment, indicating development of a two- to three-fold tolerance. However, the rate-decreasing effect of d-amphetamine on FI responding was not altered by chronic ingestion. Since acute amphetamine treatment reduced the reinforcement frequency under the FR but not the FI schedule, these results are consistent with the hypothesis that a 'behavioral tolerance' will develop most readily to drug effects that decrease the frequency of reinforcement. Upon removal of d-amphetamine from the drinking water there was some increase in the rate of FR responding, but no change in FI responding.
- Schedule-controlled performance