Effects of conjugated linoleic acid isomers on lipid metabolism and gluconeogenesis in monolayer cultures of bovine hepatocytes

D. G. Mashek, R. R. Grummer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective was to determine the effects of linoleic acid and different isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) at different concentrations on hepatic lipid and glucose metabolism in the bovine. Monolayer cultures of hepatocytes obtained from 7- to 10-d-old Holstein bull calves were exposed to treatments from 16 to 64 h after plating. The treatments included 1.0 mM palmitic acid plus either 0.1 or 1.0 mM of cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid, cis-9, trans-11 CLA, or trans-10, cis-12 CLA. Metabolism of palmitic acid to cellular triacylglycerol (TAG) was decreased when media contained cis-9, trans-11 compared with trans-10, cis-12 CLA. Total cellular TAG content was increased for the CLA isomers compared to cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid. Both CLA isomers increased palmitic acid incorporation into phospholipids, cholesterol, and media triacylglycerol compared with cis-9, cis-12 linoleic acid at a concentration of 1.0 mM. Increasing the concentration of treatment fatty acids from 0.1 to 1.0 mM decreased oxidation of palmitic acid to acid-soluble products, but no effects of fatty acids were observed. There was no treatment effect on rates of gluconeogenesis from propionic acid. Overall, CLA isomers elicited changes in palmitic acid metabolism to cellular and media triacylglycerol, and cellular phospholipids and cholesterol, but had little or no effect on other measured pathways of lipid metabolism or gluconeogenesis in bovine hepatocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-72
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume87
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Conjugated linoleic acid
  • Hepatic metabolism
  • Monolayer culture

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