Effects of pentobarbital and d-amphetamine on oral phencyclidine self-administration in rhesus monkeys

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Abstract

Three rhesus monkeys self-administered phencyclidine (0.25 mg/ml) during daily 3-hr sessions. Water was also available under a concurrent fixed-ratio (FR) 16 schedule. In Experiment 1, saline or three doses of pentobarbital (2.5, 5 or 10 mg/kg) were injected 10 min before phencyclidine (and water) self-administration sessions. The 2.5 mg/kg pentobarbital dose increased phencyclidine-maintained responding, the 5 mg/kg dose produced mixed effects among the three monkeys, and the 10 mg/kg dose consistently decreased phenycyclidine-maintained responding. Subsequently, a saccharin solution (0.03% wt/vol) replaced phencyclidine, and the pentobarbital pretreatment procedure was repeated. Pentobarbital produced dose-related decreases in saccharin-maintained responding. In Experiment 2, saline or three doses of d-amphetamine (0.05, 0.1 or 0.2 mg/kg) were injected 10 min before the phencyclidine self-administration sessions. The 0.05 mg/kg dose produced increases in phencyclidine-maintained responding, while the two higher doses produced dose dependent decreases in responding. When a saccharin solution (0.03%, wt/vol) replaced phencyclidine during the daily sessions, d-amphetamine produced only dose-related decreases in saccharin-maintained responding. These results indicate that pentobarbital and d-amphetamine have a biphasic effect on phencyclidine-maintained behavior; low doses increased responding and high doses decreased responding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1984

Keywords

  • Drug interaction
  • Oral drug self-administration
  • Pentobarbital
  • Phencyclidine
  • Rhesus monkeys
  • Saccharin
  • d-Amphetamine

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