Effects of sample storage and delayed secondary enrichment on detection of Salmonella spp in swine feces

Julia M. O'Carroll, Peter R. Davies, Maria T. Correa, Barrett D. Slenning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To determine effects of fecal sample storage and delayed secondary enrichment (DSE) on detection of Salmonella spp in swine feces. Sample Population - Fecal samples obtained from 84 pigs in a commercial herd. Procedure - Each fecal sample underwent 3 storage treatments: no storage (ie, processed on the day of collection), storage at 4 C for 6 days, and storage at -15 C for 14 days. After assigned storage treatments, all samples were enriched in Rappaport-Vassiladias (RV) broth (single enrichment) and plated on XLT4 agar. Delayed secondary enrichment was performed, using single enrichment broths that were stored for 4 days at room temperature. Results - Of 504 cultures, 186 (36.9%) were Salmonella positive. A difference in proportions of samples with positive results was not found between same-day processing and storage at 4 C for 6 days. Compared with use of single enrichment for 24 hours (34% positive), use of DSE resulted in a greater proportion (40%; P < 0.001) of samples with positive results. Estimated relative sensitivities for the storage methods were 0.90, 0.85, and 0.71 for same-day processing, storage at 4 C for 6 days, and storage at -15 C for 14 days, respectively. Conclusions - Where practical, processing of fecal samples on the day of collection is recommended, although storage at 4 C for several days does not result in marked loss of sensitivity. Improved detection associated with DSE warrants further investigation and optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-362
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume60
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1999

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