Effects of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 on aortic endothelial cells

Peter K Lee, Gregory M Vercellotti, James R. Deringer, Patrick M. Schlievert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

In staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, hypotension and shock due to capillary leak may rapidly lead to death of the host. To investigate its pathogenesis, the cytotoxic effects of toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 (TSST-1) on porcine aortic endothelial cells (PAEC) were examined in vitro. TSST-1 killed PAEC (as measured by 51Cr release) in a dose- and time-dependent fashion and was blocked by anti-TSST-1 antibodies. Receptor-mediated endocytosis may be critical for the cytotoxic effects of TSST-1, as killing was inhibited by cold (4°C) and by addition of chloroquine and methylamine. Furthermore, calcium and oxygen appeared necessary for TSST-1 effects on PAEC. Membrane receptor binding studies indicated PAEC bind TSST-1 with high affinity (Kd = 5.7 × 10-7 M) and had 2.2 × 104 receptors/cell. Last, as measured by 125I-labeled albumin flux in a transendothelial permeability model, TSST-1 enhanced the permeability of PAEC monolayers in a dose- and time-dependent manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-719
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume164
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991

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