Background: Combination therapy with docetaxel and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) prolongs overall survival (OS) in men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. We assessed the benefits and adverse effects of docetaxel and ADT in relation to advancing age. Methods: We performed a post hoc analysis of the CHAARTED trial comparing docetaxel and ADT vs. ADT alone (n = 773). Patients were stratified in age groups <60, 60-70, and >70 years old. Multivariable-adjusted progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were assessed using Kaplan–Meier curves and compared using multivariable Cox regressions with calculated interaction terms between age group and treatment arm. In the combination arm, the incidence of ≥1 adverse event (grade ≥3) and the number of adverse events per patient were compared for each age group using multivariable logistic and linear regressions, respectively. Results: After adjusting for clinical variables, docetaxel's effect did not vary by age group for PFS and OS. There was no significant difference in the odds ratio of ≥1 adverse event (P >.1 for age groups 60-70 and >70 years old compared with <60 years old). However, men age >70 years old experienced +0.37 more adverse events per patient compared with men age <60 years old (95% CI, 0.11-0.64; P =.006). Conclusions: PFS and OS were similar across age groups for the combination of docetaxel and ADT compared with ADT. Older men experienced a modest increase in adverse events per patient, highlighting the importance of balancing treatment benefits and adverse effects in this age group.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported in part by the Russell Scott, Jr. MD Urology Research Fund (ABW, no grant number). The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication. This article was prepared using data from Datasets nci-data-359 from the NCTN Data Archive of the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN). Data were originally collected from clinical trial NCT number NCT00309985, CHAARTED: ChemoHormonal Therapy Versus Androgen Ablation Randomized Trial for Extensive Disease in Prostate Cancer. All analyses and conclusions in this manuscript are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or views of the clinical trial investigators, the NCTN, or the NCI.
- Adverse events
- Prostate cancer
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article